1. Maintaining Speed
In IELTS, maintaining a decent pace while speaking is very important because as you know English is a second language so you will have to speak at a slightly different pace than speaking your native language. You just need a little more time to find a way to express your thoughts. If this means that you can speak more slowly than you seem natural to yourself, don’t worry because the flow is not the same as speaking quickly. It is possible to be completely fluent and still speak at a slow but steady pace.
One way to work on the speed of your speech is to record yourself. Find your natural speed of speech. Do not try and speak very quickly and sometimes be prepared to speak more slowly.
2. Do Not Waste Time in Translation
If you are not used to speaking English regularly, you may require translation from the native language to the English language or vice versa and also pause too much in search of the right word and probably think too much for saying it. It’s too bad for fluency. Try to speak about a topic for 1 minute – or even 30 seconds and after that try a longer period of time. When you speak the same thing, again and again, it gets easier to speak without translating words.
3. Use the Wide Range of Vocabulary
This is probably the biggest problem for many people – they pause a lot while speaking because they cannot find the right words to express their ideas. The difficulty is that if you use the “incorrect” words or repeat the words too much, you may lose points for vocabulary. Try and find a balance where you speak and your words can be different. Try to strike a balance while speaking (better fluency) and still vary your words (vocabulary).
4. Grammar Mistake
If you speak very slowly and pause too much in an attempt to find the correct grammatical structure then you will get penalized for fluency.
The best practice is that makes a mistake but keeps on speaking. Why so? Firstly, there is a chance that the examiner does not hear the mistake because many of the easily seen mistakes in writing will go unnoticed in speech. Some mistakes will be ignored by the examiner as you “slip” when you speak. This is especially the case if you speak a word of grammar wrong once and then right another time.
5. Ideas are not so Important
Another reason that fluency can be affected is that you put a lot of effort into finding good ideas to show off and impress the examiner. It is only to misunderstand the IELTS process – it is a language test and not an idea – all examiners are listening to how well you can use the language – not how much you know the English.
6. Pause at Right Place
Sometimes the fluency goes wrong as people try to speak non-stop. What usually happens here is that you speak a few seconds and then run out of energy and need to stop – maybe in the wrong place – and you can lose the rhythm of what you were saying. The main idea here is to understand that you need to pause in the right places and for the right reasons.
7. Repetition of Words
If you repeat yourself too much then your flow score will suffer but this does not mean that you cannot repeat yourself at all. Actually, when we speak in our native language – we repeat ourselves a bit. It is a place where speaking and writing are different. It can certainly help you speak in English if you learn how to make this work for you.
8. Using Fillers “UM” and “ER” is Better than Silence
Another way you can help your fluency is to fill the silence with English sounds. These are filler sounds of “um” and “er”. You might think that it is “bad English”. In fact, most native speakers use these sounds and you should not be afraid to imitate them. All you should do is not to make those sounds too much.
Speaking English is not a difficult task for anyone; just you have to be confident while speaking.
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